Sensory Feedback


Many studies have shown the importance of tactile-kinesthetic feedback for an expert player, in comparison to the relative importance of visual feedback for beginners (Vertegaal et al., 1996) . In an instrumental context, it is therefore interesting to try to simulate these effects in order to profit from the expert technique developed for acoustic instruments.

  • The most well-known example of an attempt to consider force feedback in VMI has been developed by Claude Cadoz and his group at ACROE - Grenoble, France. Since the late 1970's they have been studying and developing interaction systems using physical modelling synthesis (CORDIS/ANIMA system) and force feedback devices (Modular Feedback Keyboard). References to their work can be found in the bibliography.

  • Many other examples of force feedback devices, not necessarily designed for musical purposes, can be found at the Haptic devices home-page.

  • Another researcher interested in force feedback devices and their musical applications is Vincent Hayward, currently doing a sabbatical year at IRCAM.

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