Many studies have shown the importance of tactile-kinesthetic feedback for an expert player, in comparison to the relative importance of visual feedback for beginners (Vertegaal et al., 1996) . In an instrumental context, it is therefore interesting to try to simulate these effects in order to profit from the expert technique developed for acoustic instruments.
The most well-known example of an attempt to consider force feedback in VMI has been developed by Claude Cadoz and his group at ACROE - Grenoble, France. Since the late 1970's they have been studying and developing interaction systems using physical modelling synthesis (CORDIS/ANIMA system) and force feedback devices (Modular Feedback Keyboard). References to their work can be found in the bibliography.
Many other examples of force feedback devices, not necessarily designed for musical purposes, can be found at the Haptic devices home-page.
Another researcher interested in force feedback devices and their musical applications is Vincent Hayward, currently doing a sabbatical year at IRCAM.
Virtual Musical Instruments | Gestures |
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Sensory Feedback | Interface Examples |
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